Further Readings

Arrowsmith, S. D., Ruminjo, J. & Landry, E.G. Current practices in treatment of female genital fistula: a cross sectional study. BMC Preg and Childbirth. Nov 2010; 10(73).

Bangser, M., et al. Child birth experiences of women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania and Uganda and their implications for fistula program development. Int Urogynecol J. Aug 2011; 22(1):91 – 98.

Benfield, N., et al. Fertility desires and the feasibility of contraception counseling among genital fistula patients in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Sept 2011; 114(3): 265-267.

Browning, A., Allsworth, J. & Wall, L. L. The relationship between female genital cutting and obstetric fistulae. Obstet and Gynecol. Mar 2010; 115(3): 578-583.

Capes, T., Ascher-Walsh, C., Abdoulaye, I. & Brodman, M. Obstetric fistula in low and middle income countries. Mount Sinai J of Med. May/Jun 2011; 78(3):F20 352-361.

Constantine, G. Practical obstetric fistula surgery. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist. Jan 2011; 12(1): 66.

De Ridder, D. An update on surgery for vesicovaginal and urethrovaginal fistulae. Current Opinion in Urology. Jul 2011; 21(4): 297–300.

Dogra, P. N. & Saini, A. Laser welding of vesicovaginal fistula—outcome analysis and long-term outcome: single-centre experience. Int Urogynecol. Mar 2011; 22(8): 981-984.

Elneil, S. & Browning, A. Obstetric fistula—a new way forward. Obst Ana Digest. Dec 2010; 30(4): 248–249.

Ekanem, E.I, Ekott, M.I, Ekabua, J.E., Agan, T.U. & Inyang-Otu, A. Outcome of management of obstetric genito-urinary fistulae in the general hospital, Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria. Urogynaecologia (online).

Fridman, D., Chakraborty, S. & Khulpateea, N. Fistula between degenerated uterine leiomyoma and the bladder: case report. Int Urogynecology J. Sept- Nov 2011; 22(10): 1329-1331.

Hull, T. L. et al. Surgeons should not hesitate to perform episioproctotomy for rectovaginal fistula secondary to cryptoglandular or obstetrical origin. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. Jan 2011; 54(1): 54-59.

Johnson, K. et al. The role of counseling for obstetric fistula patients: Lessons learned from Eritrea. Patient Educ and Couns. Aug 2010; 80(2): 262 – 265.

Johnson, K., Peterman, A. USAID DHS Analytical Studies No. 17; Incontinence Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys: Comparative Analysis of a Proxy Measurement of Vaginal Fistula and Recommendations for Future Population-Based Data Collection. Macro International Inc., Calverton, Maryland, USA. Nov 2008.

Joshi, S., Bhalerao, A. Somalwar, S. & Chaudhary, S. A rare case of irreparable vesico-vaginal fistula of 45 years duration successfully managed by urinary diversion. J Midlife Helath. Jan-Jun 2011; 2(1): 37 – 39.

Khalil, A. A. A Review of obstetric fistula in Sudan. WebmedCentral 2011; 2(9):WMC002222.

Kirschner, C. V. et al. Obstetric fistula: the ECWA Evangel VVF Center surgical experience from Jos, Nigeria. Int Urogynecol J. Aug 2010; 21(12): 1525-1533.

Langowski, M. K. & Iltis, A. S. Ethical concerns regarding operations by volunteer surgeons on vulnerable patient groups: the case of women with obstetric fistulas. HEC Forum. Jul 2011. 23(2):71-78.

Masinde, A., Gumodoka, B. & Im, H. B., Reopening of a previously repaired fistula following obstructed labour: a case commentary. The Internet J of Gynoc and Obstet. 2010; 12(2).

Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Maternal Health Task Force, Obstetric Emergency Drills. Trainer's Manual. 2016

McFadden, E., Taleski, S. J., Bocking, A., Spitzer, R. F. & Maveya, H. Retrospective review of Predisposing factors and surgical outcomes in obstetric fistula patients at a single teaching hospital in Western Kenya. J of Obstet and Gynacol Canada. Jan 2011; 33(1): 30 –35.

Muleta, M., Rasmussen, S. & Kiserud, T. Obstetric fistula in 14, 928 Ethiopian women. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Jul 2010; 89 (7): 945 –951.

Muleta, M., Tafesse B & Aytenfisu, HG. Antibiotic use in obstetric fistula repair: single blinded randomized clinical trial. Ethiopian Med J. Jul 2010; 48(3):211-7.

Onsruda, M., Sjøveianb, S. & Mukwegec, D. Cesarean delivery-related fistulae in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Jul 2011; 114(1): 10 –14.

Pope R, Bangser M & Harris Requejo, J. Restoring dignity: Social reintegration after obstetric fistula repair in Ukerewe, Tanzania. Global Public Health. Mar 2011; 4: 1-15.

Rai, D. S. Women living with obstetric fistula and nurses’ role in preventative measures. Int J of Nursing and Midwifery. Sept 2011; 3(9): 150 -153.

Sagna, M., Hoque, N. & Sunil, T. Are some women more at risk of obstetric fistula in Uganda? Evidence from the Uganda demographic and health survey. J of Pub Health In Af. Sept 2011; 2(2): e26.

Seim, A. R, et. al., Pilot community-mobilization program reduces maternal and perinatal mortality and prevents obstetric fistula in Niger. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. Vol. 127, Issue 3, Dec 2014; p. 269–274

Singh, V., Sinha, R. J. & Mehrotra, S. Primary menouria due to a congenital vesico–vaginal fistula with distal vaginal agenesis: a rarity. Int Urogyn J. Jan 2011; 22, (8): 1031-1033.

Singh, R.B., Dalal, S., Nanda, S. & Pavithran, N.M. Management of female uro-genital fistulas: Framing certain guidelines. Urol Ann. Jan-Apr 2010; 2(1): 2- 6.

Singh, V., Sinha, R. J., Mehrotra, S., Sankhwar, S. N. & Bhatt, S. Repair of vesicovaginal fistula by the transabdominal route: outcome at a north Indian tertiary hospital. Int Urogy J. Sept 2011. [Epub ahead of print].

Singh, V. et al. Transvaginal repair of complex and complicated vesicovaginal fistulae. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Jul 2011; 114(1): 51-55.

Sjøveianb, S., Vagen, S., Mukwege, D. & Onsrud, M. Surgical outcomes of obstetric fistula: a retrospective analysis of 595 patients. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Jul 2011; 90(7): 753 – 760.

Tebeu, P.M, Rochat, C. H., Kasia, J. M. & Delvauz, T. Perception and attitude of obstetric fistula patients about their condition: a report from the Regional Hospital Maroua, Cameroon. Urogynaecologia (online). 2010 24(2-3).

Tebeu, P.M. Prise en charge psychosocial et counseling des fistules obstétricales et non obstétricales. L'Harmattan 2016

Umoiyoho, A.J. Inyang-Etoh, E.C., Abah, G.M., Abasiattai, A.M. & Akaiso, O.E. Quality of life following successful repair of vesicovaginal fistula in Nigeria. Rural and Remote Health(online), 2011: 1734.

Wilson, A., Chipetab, E., Kalilani-Phirib, L., Taulob, F. & Tsuia, A.O. Fertility and pregnancy outcomes among women with obstetric fistula in rural Malawi. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Jun 2011; 113(3): 196-198.

Weston, K. et al. Depression among women with obstetric fistula in Kenya. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Oct 2011; 115(1):31-33.